Marc Chagall / 馬克·夏卡爾

by Gallery

Self-portrait with seven fingers 1913

Marc Zaharovich Chagall (/ʃəˈɡɑːl/ shə-gahl;[nb 1] 6 July [O.S. 24 June] 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Belarusian-born French artist. Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as "the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century". An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.

According to art historian Michael J. Lewis, Chagall was considered to be "the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists". For decades, he "had also been respected as the world's preeminent Jewish artist". Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN, and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.

Before World War I, he traveled between St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country's most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1922.

He had two basic reputations, writes Lewis: as a pioneer of modernism and as a major Jewish artist. He experienced modernism's "golden age" in Paris, where "he synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism". Yet throughout these phases of his style "he remained most emphatically a Jewish artist, whose work was one long dreamy reverie of life in his native village of Vitebsk." "When Matisse dies," Pablo Picasso remarked in the 1950s, "Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is".

1911, I and the Village, oil on canvas, 192.1 x 151.4 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York

1912, Calvary (Golgotha), oil on canvas, 174.6 x 192.4 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York. Alternative titles: Kreuzigung Bild 2 Christus gewidmet [Golgotha. Crucifixion. Dedicated to Christ]. Sold through Galerie Der Sturm (Herwarth Walden), Berlin to Bernhard Koehler (1849–1927), Berlin, 1913. Exhibited: Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon, Berlin, 1913

1912, The Fiddler, from which the musical, Fiddler on the Roof, takes its name.

1912, Still-life (Nature morte), oil on canvas, private collection

Bella with White Collar, 1917

The Poet Reclining 1915

The Bride and Groom of the Eiffel Tower 1939

The Revolution 1937

The Cutter 1928-1930

Paris through the Window 1913

Cow with Parasol 1946

The Orchard 1961

Marc Chagall (Part 1 of 2)

Marc Chagall (Part 2 of 2)

2013-10-20 20:23:37